OSCCI is funded by a programme grant from the Wellcome trust, and is headed by Principal Investigator, Professor Dorothy Bishop. We study the underlying nature of children's communication problems. Our primary focus is on specific language impairment (SLI), but we are also interested in related conditions such as autism spectrum disorder and dyslexia.


See the YouTube Channel for Raising Awareness of Language Learning Impairments (RALLI)



















Current OSCCI Research Projects

Recent Publication

  • The declarative system in children with specific language impairment: a comparison of meaningful and meaningless auditory-visual paired associate learning

    a paper on vocabulary learning by children with language difficulties by Dorothy Bishop and Julie Hsu

  • Brain lateralisation in late-talkers

    This study used functional transcranial Doppler ultrasound to measure which side of the brain was most engaged when children did a language task: describing short sequences of activity from a video. In most adults, there is greater blood flow to the left side of the brain than to the right when generating language. We found the same pattern in typically-developing children as young as 4 years of age. However, for those who were either late to talk or whose language development had progressed at a slow rate, this lateral bias was not evident, and many children had right-sided activation, or equal activity on both sides. We think that lack of bias might be a marker for a genetic influence on neurological development that causes some disruption to language development.

Specific Language Impairment (SLI) - the big debate!

  • Recent publications on SLI by Dorothy Bishop and by Sheena Reilly and colleagues

    "Specific language impairment" is the term usually used to describe the problems of a child whose language lags behind other aspects of development, but many other terms are also used, and this can cause a great deal of confusion, among researchers, clinicians, and families of affected children. The latest issue of the International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders has a special section on this topic, with target papers by Dorothy Bishop and by Sheena Reilly and colleagues, as well as a number of commentaries by people from a wide range of backgrounds. Click the link above to download these papers for free! There is also a blogpost discussing the background to the special issue which can be found here http://deevybee.blogspot.co.uk/2014/08/labels-for-unexplained-language.html

  • Join the debate!

    These pieces have stimulated a great deal of debate on social media already, and there are now plans to have meetings to try and achieve greater consensus on terminology. You can join in the debate by clicking the above link to take you to an internet forum hosted by the Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists.

Professor Dorothy Bishop's CV

Research Vacancies

Prospective graduate students who are interested in applying to join OSCCI may contact Professor Dorothy Bishop by email at dorothy.bishop@psy.ox.ac.uk.

Upcoming talks by Prof. Dorothy Bishop in 2015

Oxford Science Adventures

Related research themes