Oxford Study of Children's Communication Impairments (Prof. Dorothy Bishop)
- (+44) 01865 271386 (fax (+44) 01865 281255)
We study the nature and causes of communication difficulties in children, especially Specific Language Impairment.
encompasses Psychology, Linguistics Neurobiology & Genetics
widely-used communication assessments Children's Communication Checklist 2
Influenced formulation of diagnostic guidelines
OSCCI is funded by a programme grant from the Wellcome trust, and is headed by Principal Investigator, Professor Dorothy Bishop. We study the underlying nature of children's communication problems. Our primary focus is on specific language impairment (SLI), but we are also interested in related conditions such as autism spectrum disorder and dyslexia.
See the YouTube Channel for Raising Awareness of Language Learning Impairments (RALLI)
Current OSCCI Research Projects
A study of children aged 5-11 years.
Children with an extra sex chromosome
A study of children aged 5-16 years.
- Repeating words and sentences – why do some children find it hard?
- How do children with autism see moving objects?
- OSCCI member Cathy is now recruiting for her new study - click here to find out more!
- Congratulations to OSCCI member Hannah who has been selected for the AMS/MRC Policy Internship Scheme!
- Professor Dorothy Bishop listed among top 100 Twitter stars in Science!
- We have produced booklets to help parents tell their child about a diagnosis of an extra sex chromosome - click here to find out more!
The declarative system in children with specific language impairment: a comparison of meaningful and meaningless auditory-visual paired associate learning
a paper on vocabulary learning by children with language difficulties by Dorothy Bishop and Julie Hsu
Brain lateralisation in late-talkers
This study used functional transcranial Doppler ultrasound to measure which side of the brain was most engaged when children did a language task: describing short sequences of activity from a video. In most adults, there is greater blood flow to the left side of the brain than to the right when generating language. We found the same pattern in typically-developing children as young as 4 years of age. However, for those who were either late to talk or whose language development had progressed at a slow rate, this lateral bias was not evident, and many children had right-sided activation, or equal activity on both sides. We think that lack of bias might be a marker for a genetic influence on neurological development that causes some disruption to language development.
Specific Language Impairment (SLI) - the big debate!
Recent publications on SLI by Dorothy Bishop and by Sheena Reilly and colleagues
"Specific language impairment" is the term usually used to describe the problems of a child whose language lags behind other aspects of development, but many other terms are also used, and this can cause a great deal of confusion, among researchers, clinicians, and families of affected children. The latest issue of the International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders has a special section on this topic, with target papers by Dorothy Bishop and by Sheena Reilly and colleagues, as well as a number of commentaries by people from a wide range of backgrounds. Click the link above to download these papers for free! There is also a blogpost discussing the background to the special issue which can be found here http://deevybee.blogspot.co.uk/2014/08/labels-for-unexplained-language.html
Join the debate!
These pieces have stimulated a great deal of debate on social media already, and there are now plans to have meetings to try and achieve greater consensus on terminology. You can join in the debate by clicking the above link to take you to an internet forum hosted by the Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists.
Professor Dorothy Bishop's CV
Prospective graduate students who are interested in applying to join OSCCI may contact Professor Dorothy Bishop by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Upcoming talks by Prof. Dorothy Bishop in 2015
How and why does an extra sex chromosome affect neurodevelopment?
30th January, 3 pm. Zangwill Club, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge
Neurodevelopmental disorders: why do they co-occur?
27th March, Cardiff University
"What is Educational Neuroscience?"
27th April, Department of Education, University of Oxford
Why do some children find language so hard to learn?
7th - 9th May, Florence, Italy
Keynote Lecture for the 5th Neurodevelopmental Disorders Seminar Series (Title TBC)
22nd June, Oxford
The Enigma of Cerebral Lateralisation
1st October, Nijmegen
Freda Newcombe Lecture (Title TBC)
Early November (Date TBC), London