Separating distractor rejection and target detection in posterior parietal cortex--an event-related fMRI study of visual marking.
Pollmann S., Weidner R., Humphreys GW., Olivers CNL., Müller K., Lohmann G., Wiggins CJ., Watson DG.
Successful survival in a competitive world requires the employment of efficient procedures for selecting new in preference to old information. Recent behavioral studies have shown that efficient selection is dependent not only on properties of new stimuli but also on an intentional bias that we can introduce against old stimuli. Event-related analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging data from a task involving visual search across time as well as space indicates that the superior parietal lobule is specifically involved in processes leading to the efficient segmentation of old from new items, whereas the temporoparietal junction area and the ascending limb of the right intraparietal sulcus are involved in the detection of salient new items and in response preparation. The study provides evidence for the functional segregration of brain regions within the posterior parietal lobe.