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This family-risk (FR) study examined whether the literacy skills of parents with dyslexia are predictive of the literacy skills of their offspring. We report data from 31 child-parent dyads where both had dyslexia (FR-D) and 68 dyads where the child did not have dyslexia (FR-ND). Findings supported the differences in liability of FR children with and without dyslexia: the parents of the FR-D children had more severe difficulties in pseudoword reading and spelling accuracy, in rapid word recognition, and in text reading fluency than the parents of the FR-ND children. Finally, parental skills were found to be significant predictors of children's Grade 3 reading and spelling. Parental skills predicted children's reading and spelling accuracy even after controlling for children's preschool skills. Our findings suggest that the literacy skills of a parent with dyslexia might be valuable in assessing early on their child's liability to dyslexia.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





339 - 355


Analysis of Variance, Child, Child, Preschool, Dyslexia, Family Health, Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Memory, Short-Term, Parent-Child Relations, Parents, Phonetics, Predictive Value of Tests, Reading, Risk Factors, Verbal Learning, Vocabulary, Writing