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The relationship between pose and illumination learning in face recognition was examined in a yes-no recognition paradigm. The authors assessed whether pose training can transfer to a new illumination or vice versa. Results show that an extensive level of pose training through a face-name association task was able to generalize to a new illumination (Experiments 1 and 3), but an equal level of illumination training failed to generalize to a new pose (Experiment 2). The transfer of pose training was likely to depend on a relatively extensive level of training because the same faces with reduced level of exposure (Experiment 4) were unable to reproduce the transfer effect. The findings suggest that generalization of pose training may be extended to different types of image variation, whereas generalization of illumination training may be confined within the trained type of variation.

Original publication




Journal article


J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform

Publication Date





939 - 947


Adolescent, Adult, Face, Humans, Lighting, Middle Aged, Pattern Recognition, Visual, Recognition (Psychology), Transfer (Psychology)