Bicultural mind, self-construal, and self- and mother-reference effects: Consequences of cultural priming on recognition memory
Sui J., Zhu Y., Chiu CY.
Two experiments showed that American (vs. Chinese) culture priming influences Beijing Chinese undergraduates' self-construal and its attendant memory strategies. Following American culture priming (vs. Chinese culture priming or control), the participants used relatively more independent self-statements and fewer interdependent self-statements to describe the self (Experiment 1). They also performed more poorly in a delayed recognition test if they had encoded the study materials (personality adjectives) with reference to the mother (Experiment 2). These results demonstrate the activation effect of culture on self-construal and its attendant memory processes. The results also show that biculturals can access different cultural conceptions of the self and change cognitive strategies flexibly in response to cues of changing cultural demands in the immediate context. © 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.