Distinguishing the effects of action relations and scene context on object perception
Roberts KL., Humphreys GW.
Objects are rarely viewed in isolation, and so how they are perceived is influenced by the context in which they are viewed and their interaction with other objects (e.g., whether objects are colocated for action). We investigated the combined effects of action relations and scene context on an object decision task. Experiment 1 investigated whether the benefit for positioning objects so that they interact is enhanced when objects are viewed within contextually congruent scenes. The results indicated that scene context influenced perception of nonaction-related objects (e.g., monitor and keyboard), but had no effect on responses to action-related objects (e.g., bottle and glass) that were processed more rapidly. In Experiment 2, we reduced the saliency of the object stimuli and found that, under these circumstances, scene context influenced responses to action-related objects. We discuss the data in terms of relatively late effects of scene processing on object perception. © 2013 Taylor & Francis.