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Word finding symptoms are frequent early in the course of Alzheimer's disease and relate principally to functional changes in left posterior temporal cortex. In cognitively intact older adults, we examined whether amyloid load affects the network for language and associative-semantic processing. Fifty-six community-recruited subjects (52-74 years), stratified for apolipoprotein E and brain-derived neurotrophic factor genotype, received a neurolinguistic assessment, (18)F-flutemetamol positron emission tomography, and a functional MRI of the associative-semantic system. The primary measure of amyloid load was the cerebral-to-cerebellar gray matter standardized uptake value ratio in a composite cortical volume of interest (SUVR(comp)). The primary outcome analysis consisted of a whole-brain voxelwise linear regression between SUVR(comp) and fMRI response during associative-semantic versus visuoperceptual processing. Higher activity in one region, the posterior left middle temporal gyrus, correlated positively with increased amyloid load. The correlation remained significant when only the word conditions were contrasted but not for pictures. According to a stepwise linear regression analysis, offline naming reaction times correlated positively with SUVR(comp). A binary classification into amyloid-positive and amyloid-negative cases confirmed our findings. The left posterior temporal activity increase may reflect higher demands for semantic control in the presence of a higher amyloid burden.

Original publication

DOI

10.1093/cercor/bhu286

Type

Journal article

Journal

Cereb Cortex

Publication Date

01/2016

Volume

26

Pages

358 - 373

Keywords

18F-flutemetamol, Alzheimer, amyloid PET, fMRI, semantic, Alzheimer Disease, Amyloid, Amyloid beta-Peptides, Brain, Humans, Language, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Positron-Emission Tomography, Semantics