Assessment of visual acuity in infancy and early childhood.
Atkinson J., Braddick O.
The forced-choice preferential looking method (FPL) shows the development of acuity during the first year of life, and is applicable to clinical assessment. A tracking test using a narrow strip of grating yields a more sensitive measure for the later part of this age range, however. The development of acuity is dominated by neural rather than optical or accommodative factors. By age 3 years resolution acuity is very close to adult performance, but at 5 years 'crowding' effects may still impair performance on practical acuity tasks more than for the adult.