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The medial pFC (mPFC) is frequently reported to play a central role in Theory of Mind (ToM). However, the contribution of this large cortical region in ToM is not well understood. Combining a novel behavioral task with fMRI, we sought to demonstrate functional divisions between dorsal and rostral mPFC. All conditions of the task required the representation of mental states (beliefs and desires). The level of demands on cognitive control (high vs. low) and the nature of the demands on reasoning (deductive vs. abductive) were varied orthogonally between conditions. Activation in dorsal mPFC was modulated by the need for control, whereas rostral mPFC was modulated by reasoning demands. These findings fit with previously suggested domain-general functions for different parts of mPFC and suggest that these functions are recruited selectively in the service of ToM.

Original publication




Journal article


J Cogn Neurosci

Publication Date





683 - 698


Brain, Brain Mapping, Cognition, Culture, Female, Humans, Judgment, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Neuropsychological Tests, Prefrontal Cortex, Reaction Time, Social Perception, Task Performance and Analysis, Theory of Mind, Young Adult