Deletion of glutamate receptor-A (GluR-A) AMPA receptor subunits impairs one-trial spatial memory.
Sanderson DJ., Gray A., Simon A., Taylor AM., Deacon RM., Seeburg PH., Sprengel R., Good MA., Rawlins JN., Bannerman DM.
Genetically modified mice lacking the glutamate receptor A (GluR-A) subunit of the AMPA receptor (GluR-A-/- mice) display normal spatial reference memory but impaired spatial working memory (SWM). This study tested whether the SWM impairment in these mice could be explained by a greater sensitivity to within-session proactive interference. The SWM performance of GluR-A-/- and wild-type mice was assessed during nonmatching-to-place testing under conditions in which potential proactive interference from previous trials was reduced or eliminated. SWM was impaired in GluR-A-/- mice, both during testing with pseudotrial-unique arm presentations on the radial maze and when conducting each trial on a different 3-arm maze, each in a novel testing room. Experimentally naive GluR-A-/- mice also exhibited chance performance during a single trial of spontaneous alternation. This 1-trial spatial memory deficit was present irrespective of the delay between the sample information and the response choice (0 or 45 min) and the length of the sample phase (0.5 or 5 min). These results imply that the SWM deficit in GluR-A-/- mice is not due to increased susceptibility to proactive interference.