It has been documented that conflict adaptation (conflict resolution in a task enhanced by that in a previous task) exists not only in the same domain but also across different domains with shared cognitive control mechanisms. For the first time, the present study adopted a cross-task adaptive blocked design to examine the relationship between bilingual language control and cognitive control from the perspective of the immediately adjacent, mutual influence on the neural connectivity level. The results showed that the conflict setting induced by previous tasks changed the nodal degrees of the anterior cingulate cortex/presupplementary motor area and the right thalamus, and connectivity strength of shared links between adjacent language and cognitive control tasks. In addition, pre-activation of the cognitive control network affected the transitivity of the successive use of the language control network. These findings not only indicate a cross-task adaptation effect on the neural connectivity level, but also provide evidence for similarities in conflict detection and inhibition control between language-specific control and domain-general cognitive control. In addition, our results also suggest that there is only partial overlap between bilingual language control and domain-general cognitive control.
Behavioural Brain Research