Video feedback to update negative self-perceptions in social anxiety disorder: A comparison of internet-delivered vs face-to-face cognitive therapy formats.
Wild J., Warnock-Parkes E., Stott R., Kwok APL., Lissillour Chan MH., Powell CLYM., Leung PWL., Clark DM., Thew GR.
BACKGROUND: Video feedback is a technique used in cognitive therapy for social anxiety disorder (CT-SAD) to update patients' negative self-perceptions of how they appear to others. Clients are supported to watch video of themselves engaging in social interactions. While typically undertaken in session with a therapist, this study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of remotely delivered video feedback embedded within an Internet-based cognitive therapy program (iCT-SAD). METHODS: We examined patients' self-perceptions and social anxiety symptoms before and after video feedback in two randomised controlled trials. Study 1 compared 49 iCT-SAD participants with 47 from face-to-face CT-SAD. Study 2 was a replication using data from 38 iCT-SAD participants from Hong Kong. RESULTS: In Study 1, ratings of self-perceptions and social anxiety showed significant reductions following video feedback, in both treatment formats. 92 % of participants in iCT-SAD, and 96 % in CT-SAD thought they looked less anxious compared to their predictions after viewing the videos. The change in self-perception ratings was larger in CT-SAD compared to iCT-SAD, but there was no evidence that the impact of video feedback on social anxiety symptoms around a week later differed between the two treatments. Study 2 replicated the iCT-SAD findings of Study 1. LIMITATIONS: The level of therapist support in iCT-SAD videofeedback varied with clinical need and was not measured. CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that video feedback can be delivered effectively online, and that its impact on social anxiety is not significantly different from in-person treatment delivery.