Word-centred neglect dyslexia as an inhibitional deficit: A single case study.
Moore MJ., Demeyere N.
Word-centred neglect dyslexia is most commonly characterised as consequence of visuospatial neglect rather than an independent condition. However, recent research has suggested that this deficit may be dissociable from spatial attentional biases. This study aims to provide preliminary evidence investigating alternative mechanisms which could account for cases of word-centred neglect dyslexia which cannot be explained by visuospatial neglect. Patient EF is a chronic stroke survivor who presented with clear right-lateralised word-centred neglect dyslexia in conjunction with severe left egocentric neglect and left hemianopia following a right PCA stroke. The severity of EF's neglect dyslexia was not found to be affected by factors which modulate the severity of visuospatial neglect. EF demonstrated an intact ability to identify all letters in words, but reliably committed neglect dyslexia errors when subsequently reading the same words as a whole. EF did not exhibit neglect dyslexic impairment in standardised spelling, word-meaning matching, and word-picture matching tasks. Critically, EF exhibited marked cognitive inhibition impairment and committed neglect dyslexia errors which were characterised by misreading less familiar target words as more familiar responses. This behavioural pattern cannot be clearly accounted for by theories which characterize word-centred neglect dyslexia as a consequence of neglect. Instead, this data suggests that this case of word-centred neglect dyslexia may be related to a deficit of cognitive inhibition. Overall, these novel findings call for reevaluation of the dominant model of word-centred neglect dyslexia.