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Previous research has identified the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) as an important node in the neural network underlying decision making in primates. Decision making can, however, be studied under a large variety of circumstances, ranging from the standard well-controlled lab situation to more natural, stochastic settings, in which multiple agents interact. Here, we illustrate how these different varieties of decision making studied can influence theories ofACC function in monkeys. Converging evidence from unit recordings and lesion studies now suggest that the ACC is important for interpreting outcome information according to the current task context to guide future action selection. We then apply this framework to the study of human ACC function and discuss its potential implications.


Journal article


Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci

Publication Date





413 - 422


Animals, Brain Mapping, Decision Making, Environment, Haplorhini, Humans, Prefrontal Cortex, Psychomotor Performance, Reward, Species Specificity