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In the study of basic and high-level cognitive functions, neuroscientists, psychologists, and philosophers have tended to focus on normal psychological processes and on deficits in these processes, whereas the study of exceptional abilities has been largely neglected. Here the authors emphasize the value of researching exceptional abilities. They make the case that studies of exceptional representations, such as of time, number, and space in synesthesia, can provide us with insights regarding the nature of the neurocognitive mechanisms of these dimensions, as well as their developmental, evolutionary, and cultural origins.

Original publication

DOI

10.1177/1073858411402835

Type

Journal article

Journal

Neuroscientist

Publication Date

06/2012

Volume

18

Pages

208 - 215

Keywords

Child, Child, Gifted, Cognition, Culture, Humans, Mathematics, Psychomotor Performance, Space Perception, Time Perception