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INTRODUCTION: Attention modulates the availability of sensory information to conscious perception. In particular, there is evidence of pathological, spatial constriction of the effective field of vision in patients with right hemisphere damage when a central task exhausts available attentional capacity. In the current study we first examined whether this constriction might be modulated across both space and time in right hemisphere stroke patients without neglect. Then we tested healthy elderly people to determine whether non-pathological ageing also leads to spatiotemporal impairments of vision under conditions of high attention load. METHODS: Right hemisphere stroke patients completed a task at fixation while attempting to discriminate letters appearing in the periphery. Attentional load of the central task was modulated by increasing task difficulty. Peripheral letters appeared simultaneously with the central task or at different times (stimulus onset asynchronies, SOAs) after it. In a second study healthy elderly volunteers were tested with a modified version of this paradigm. RESULTS: Under conditions of high attention load right hemisphere stroke patients have a reduced effective visual field, over a significantly extended 'attentional blink', worse for items presented to their left. In the second study, older participants were unable to discriminate otherwise salient items across the visual field (left or right) when their attention capacity was loaded on the central task. This deficit extended temporally, with peripheral discrimination ability not returning to normal for up to 450 msec. CONCLUSIONS: Dynamically tying up attention resources on a task at fixation can have profound effects in patient populations and in normal ageing. These results demonstrate that items can escape conscious detection across space and time, and can thereby impact significantly on visual perception in these groups.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.cortex.2012.10.005

Type

Journal article

Journal

Cortex

Publication Date

07/2013

Volume

49

Pages

1874 - 1883

Keywords

Aged, Aging, Analysis of Variance, Attention, Blinking, Female, Fixation, Ocular, Functional Laterality, Humans, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Middle Aged, Parietal Lobe, Photic Stimulation, Psychomotor Performance, Stroke, Vision, Ocular, Visual Perception