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A case series is reported in which nine patients who experienced phobic and/or nonphobic panic attacks were given a cognitive-behavioural treatment based on the supposition that catastrophic interpretations of sensations produced by hyperventilation played an important role in their attacks. Large and rapid reductions in panic attack frequency and questionnaire report of fear were observed. Patients' resting pCO2 was significantly lower than controls and rose to normal levels during treatment.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Br J Psychiatry

Publication Date

05/1986

Volume

148

Pages

526 - 532

Keywords

Adult, Affective Symptoms, Behavior Therapy, Carbon Dioxide, Fear, Female, Humans, Male, Panic, Phobic Disorders, Respiration, Time Factors