Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

A case series is reported in which nine patients who experienced phobic and/or nonphobic panic attacks were given a cognitive-behavioural treatment based on the supposition that catastrophic interpretations of sensations produced by hyperventilation played an important role in their attacks. Large and rapid reductions in panic attack frequency and questionnaire report of fear were observed. Patients' resting pCO2 was significantly lower than controls and rose to normal levels during treatment.


Journal article


Br J Psychiatry

Publication Date





526 - 532


Adult, Affective Symptoms, Behavior Therapy, Carbon Dioxide, Fear, Female, Humans, Male, Panic, Phobic Disorders, Respiration, Time Factors