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OBJECTIVE: The aim was to address the controversy that exists over the extent to which auditory processing disorder (APD) is a separate diagnostic category with a distinctive psychometric profile, rather than a reflection of a more general learning disability. METHODS: Children with an APD diagnosis (N=25) were compared with children with dyslexia (N=19) on a battery of standardised auditory processing, language, literacy and non-verbal intelligence quotient measures as well as parental report measures of communicative skill and listening behaviour. A follow-up of a subset of children included a parent report screening questionnaire for Asperger syndrome (Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test). RESULTS: There were similarly high levels of attentional, reading and language problems in both groups. One peculiarity of the APD group was a discrepancy between parental report of poor communication and listening skill disproportionate to expectations based on standardised test performance. Follow-up assessment suggested high levels of previously unrecognised autistic features within the APD group. CONCLUSIONS: Children diagnosed by audiological experts as having APD are likely to have broader neurodevelopmental disorders and would benefit from evaluation by a multidisciplinary team.

Original publication

DOI

10.1136/adc.2009.170118

Type

Journal article

Journal

Arch Dis Child

Publication Date

06/2010

Volume

95

Pages

432 - 436

Keywords

Auditory Perceptual Disorders, Child, Communication, Comorbidity, Diagnosis, Differential, Dyslexia, Female, Humans, Male, Neuropsychological Tests, Psychometrics, Reproducibility of Results