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The fields of neuroscience and artificial intelligence (AI) have a long and intertwined history. In more recent times, however, communication and collaboration between the two fields has become less commonplace. In this article, we argue that better understanding biological brains could play a vital role in building intelligent machines. We survey historical interactions between the AI and neuroscience fields and emphasize current advances in AI that have been inspired by the study of neural computation in humans and other animals. We conclude by highlighting shared themes that may be key for advancing future research in both fields.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.neuron.2017.06.011

Type

Journal article

Journal

Neuron

Publication Date

19/07/2017

Volume

95

Pages

245 - 258

Keywords

artificial intelligence, brain, cognition, learning, neural network, Animals, Artificial Intelligence, Brain, Humans, Intelligence, Learning, Neural Networks (Computer), Neurosciences