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This study examined the neural correlates of intentional and automatic number processing (indexed by number comparison and physical Stroop task, respectively) in 6- and 7-year-old children born prematurely. Behavioral results revealed significant numerical distance and size congruity effects. Imaging results disclosed (1) largely overlapping fronto-parietal activation for intentional and automatic number processing, (2) a frontal to parietal shift of activation upon considering the risk factors gestational age and birth weight, and (3) a task-specific link between math proficiency and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) signal within distinct regions of the parietal lobes-indicating commonalities but also specificities of intentional and automatic number processing.

Original publication




Journal article


Dev Neuropsychol

Publication Date





342 - 364


Brain Mapping, Child, Female, Frontal Lobe, Humans, Infant, Premature, Intention, Learning, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Mathematics, Parietal Lobe, Pregnancy, Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects, Stroop Test