Departmental Seminar: How superior temporal cortex processes “the sound image of words”
Professor Eddie Chang, University of California San Francisco
Departmental Seminar Series
Thursday, 29 April 2021, 4pm to 5pm
Hosted by Professor Kate Watkins
The human superior temporal gyrus is critical for extracting meaningful linguistic features from acoustic speech inputs. Local neural populations are tuned to acoustic-phonetic features of all consonants and vowels, as well as dynamic cues for intonational pitch. These populations are embedded throughout broader functional zones that are sensitive to amplitude-based temporal cues for prosody. Together, the distributed feature selectivity for phonetic and prosodic cues have generated a new and granular map of temporal cortex function. Beyond speech features, cortical representations are strongly modulated by learned knowledge and perceptual goals. I will review emerging insights on the remarkable emergent phonological computations that take place in this cortical region at the core of Wernicke’s area.
Professor Chang’s research focuses on the brain mechanisms for speech, movement and human emotion. He co-directs the Center for Neural Engineering and Prostheses, a collaborative enterprise of UCSF and the University of California, Berkeley. The Center brings together experts in engineering, neurology and neurosurgery to develop state-of-the-art biomedical technology to restore function for patients with neurological disabilities such as paralysis and speech disorders.
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