Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVE: To develop guidelines for a faculty training program in nontechnical skill assessment in surgery. BACKGROUND: Nontechnical skills in the operating room are critical for patient safety. The successful integration of these skills into workplace-based assessment is dependent upon the availability of faculty who are able to teach and assess them. At present, no guidelines exist regarding the training requirements for such faculty in surgical contexts. METHODS: The development of the guidelines was carried out in several stages: stage 1-a detailed literature review on current training for nontechnical skill assessors; stage 2-semistructured interviews with a multidisciplinary panel (consisting of clinicians and psychologists/human factors specialists) of experts in surgical nontechnical skills; and stage 3-interview findings fed into an Expert Consensus Panel (ECP) Delphi approach to establish consensus regarding training requirements for faculty assessing nontechnical skills in surgery. RESULTS: The ECP agreed that training in nontechnical skill assessment should be delivered by a multidisciplinary team consisting of clinicians and psychologists/human factors specialists. The ECP reached consensus regarding who should be targeted to be trained as faculty (including proficiency and revalidation requirements). Consensus was reached on 7 essential training program content elements (including training in providing feedback/debriefing) and 8 essential methods of evaluating the effectiveness of a "train-the-trainers" program. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence-based guidelines that can be used to guide the development and evaluation of programs to educate faculty in the training and assessment of nontechnical skills. Uptake of these guidelines could accelerate the development of surgical expertise required for safe and high-quality patient care.

Original publication

DOI

10.1097/SLA.0b013e318279560b

Type

Journal article

Journal

Ann Surg

Publication Date

08/2013

Volume

258

Pages

370 - 375

Keywords

Clinical Competence, Delphi Technique, Education, Medical, Continuing, Education, Medical, Graduate, Faculty, Medical, General Surgery, Great Britain, Humans, Interviews as Topic, Program Development, Program Evaluation