Numeracy recovery: A pilot scheme for early intervention with young children with numeracy difﬁculties
© 1969 Helen J. Richardson. All rights reserved. Counting and basic number concepts appear to be universal across cultures and to develop early, as pointed out, for example, by Dehaene (1997) and Butterworth (1999). However, numerous studies (for example the Basic Skills Agency, 1997) demonstrate that a signiﬁcant number of adults experience difﬁculties with arithmetic and, for instance, ﬁnd it difﬁcult to carry out arithmetical tasks of a type that are important in daily life, and have negative emotional reactions to arithmetic. According to ALBSU (1992), a high proportion of adults with severe numeracy difﬁculties had already shown signs of arithmetical difﬁculties in the early school years.