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Although youth irritability is linked with substantial psychiatric morbidity and impairment, little is known about how personal characteristics influence its course. In this study we examined the prospective associations between angry and depressive rumination and irritability. A sample of 165 school pupils aged 12-14 years were assessed at two time points six months apart. They completed measures of irritability at Times 1 and 2 and depressive and angry rumination at Time 1. In line with our hypotheses, we found that angry rumination is significantly associated with irritability six months later, over and above baseline irritability and depressive rumination. The present findings suggest angry rumination is relevant to the genesis of irritability in adolescents, and point to possible routes for prevention and early intervention.

Original publication




Journal article


J Abnorm Child Psychol

Publication Date





1581 - 1589


Adolescence, Angry rumination, Irritability, Rumination, Adolescent, Anger, Child, Depression, England, Female, Humans, Irritable Mood, Male, Prospective Studies, Rumination, Cognitive, Surveys and Questionnaires