The European Portuguese version of the Oxford Cognitive Screening (OCS-Pt): a screening test for acute stroke patients
Valério D., Almeida J., Demeyere N., Lima M., Nogueira J., Santana I.
In Portugal, there is no gold standard test to assess acute stroke patients in the hospital context. However, cognitive deficits are common after a stroke episode and are followed by a negative impact on a patient’s quality of life and rehabilitation. Here, we first aimed to adapt the Oxford Cognitive Screening to European Portuguese speakers (OCS-Pt), develop normative data cut-offs, and report the psychometric properties of the OCS-Pt. The second aim was to test the incidence of impairments in acute stroke patients. We tested 137 healthy participants aged between 25 and 92 years old, and we report normative cut-offs based on the 5th and 95th percentile, and on the patterns for age and education level. Our results are similar to other European OCS versions, and results using convergent and divergent validity show satisfactory values ranged between moderate to high. Additionally, 146 acute stroke patients, in the first week after the stroke episode, performed the OCS-Pt. Results show that this is an inclusive test and allows to discriminate between impaired and preserved functions. In conclusion, OCS-Pt is a promising cognitive screening tool to assess acute stroke survivors to be used in stroke care in Portugal.