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In this study, we show that top-down control mechanisms engaged during visual imagery of simple shapes (letters X and O) can selectively activate position-invariant perceptual codes in visual areas specialised for shape processing, including lateral occipital complex (LOC). First, we used multivoxel pattern analysis (MVPA) to identify visual cortical areas that code for shape within a position-invariant reference frame. Next, we examined the similarity between these high-level visual codes and patterns elicited while participants imagined the corresponding stimulus at central fixation. Our results demonstrate that imagery engages object-centred codes in higher-level visual areas. More generally, our results also demonstrate that top-down control mechanisms are able to generate highly specific patterns of visual activity in the absence of corresponding sensory input. We argue that a general model of top-down control must account for dynamic modulation of functional connectivity between high-level control centres and overlapping neural codes in visual cortex.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.02.071

Type

Journal article

Journal

Neuroimage

Publication Date

01/06/2011

Volume

56

Pages

1540 - 1545

Keywords

Adult, Female, Form Perception, Humans, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Imagination, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Pattern Recognition, Automated, Photic Stimulation, Psychomotor Performance, Visual Cortex, Visual Perception, Young Adult