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The aim of this commentary is to highlight the complementarity of the approaches used to investigate the neuronal basis of social cognition. From neuroanatomy, to neurophysiology, to neuroimaging and behavioral studies, the research presented by Braunsdorf, Noritake, Terenzi and colleagues are revealing a complex architecture supporting social cognition as well as the diversity of factors driving our social decisions (Braunsdorf et al., 2021; Noritake et al., 2021; Terenzi et al., 2021). From an evolutionary perspective, results presented indicate strong phylogenic origins to human social cognition, but also point out some issues about the evolution of the social brain that remain to be investigated.

Original publication




Journal article


Neurosci Biobehav Rev

Publication Date





Evolution, Social brain, Social cognition