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Children's cooperation with peers undergoes substantial developmental changes between 3 and 10 years of age. Here we stipulate that young children's initial fearfulness of peers' behaviour develops into older children's fearfulness of peers' evaluations of their own behaviour. Cooperation may constitute an adaptive environment in which the expressions of fear and self-conscious emotions regulate the quality of children's peer relationships.

Original publication




Journal article


Behav Brain Sci

Publication Date





Humans, Child, Adolescent, Child, Preschool, Peer Group, Fear, Emotions