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Patient NG is the first reported case of lower-limb 'self-touch enhancement' following stroke. Mobility problems prevented NG from reaching to touch her foot, thus we used a self-touch rubber-hand paradigm to mimic the conditions of self-administered touch. With vision precluded, NG administered stimulation to a prosthetic limb while the Examiner administered synchronous stimulation to NG's affected left foot. NG detected all stimulation administered with our self-touch paradigm, whereas in the control condition (with NG not involved in administering stimulation), NG had failed to detect one-third of Examiner-administered stimulation. When mobility problems are a barrier to investigating self-touch enhancement, the self-touch paradigm can be used to demonstrate residual tactile sensation following stroke.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





473 - 476


Adult, Body Image, Female, Foot, Hemiplegia, Humans, Illusions, Stroke, Touch, Young Adult