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Visual attention functions as a filter to select environmental information for learning and memory, making it the first step in the eventual cascade of thought and action systems. Here, we review studies of typical and atypical visual attention development and explain how they offer insights into the mechanisms of adult visual attention. We detail interactions between visual processing and visual attention, as well as the contribution of visual attention to memory. Finally, we discuss genetic mechanisms underlying attention disorders and how attention may be modified by training.

Original publication




Journal article


Nat Rev Neurosci

Publication Date





606 - 619


Adult, Attention, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity, Brain, Child, Cognitive Science, Humans, Neurosciences, Visual Perception