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© 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. The current book starts with an overview of the past, by providing a brief history of how transcranial electrical stimulation has been used to enhance cognition and improve health. The rest of the book discusses current knowledge in the field, and provides an excellent overview of different lines of research, such as those in animals, healthy humans, and patients. The aim of this last chapter is to discuss further directions for research in the field of transcranial electrical stimulation (tES).

Original publication





Book title

The Stimulated Brain: Cognitive Enhancement Using Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation

Publication Date



523 - 538