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Being able to manage reputation is an important social skill, but it is unclear whether autistic children can manage reputation. This study investigated whether 33 autistic children matched to 33 typical children could implicitly or explicitly manage reputation. Further, we examined whether cognitive processes-theory of mind, social motivation, inhibitory control and reciprocity-contribute to reputation management. Results showed that neither group implicitly managed reputation, and there was no group difference in explicit reputation management. Results suggested different mechanisms contribute to reputation management in these groups-social motivation in typical children and reciprocity in autistic children. Explicit reputation management is achievable for autistic children, and there are individual differences in its relationship to underlying cognitive processes.

Original publication

DOI

10.1007/s10803-016-2923-1

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Autism Dev Disord

Publication Date

12/2016

Volume

46

Pages

3798 - 3811

Keywords

Autism, Inhibitory control, Reciprocity, Reputation management, Social motivation, Theory of mind